Ship Recycling Convention & Guidelines:
Introduction to the
Hong Kong Convention and Its Requirements:
Nikos Mikelis, International Maritime Organization, 2010
Technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of the full and partial dismantling of ships
§ The Basel Convention Technical Guidelines were adopted in 2002 by decision VI/24 of the sixth meeting of the Conference of the Parties.
§ The guidelines provide information and recommendations on procedures, processes and practices that should be implemented to achieve Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) at ship dismantling facilities. It identifies different environmental hazards and recommends specific measures to prevent or reduce them. It also contains a list of wastes that may be inherent in the vessel structure or on board a ship. Finally, the guidelines provide advice on monitoring and verification of environmental performance.
§ Available on the website in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Bengali, Urdu and Spanish.
Safety and Health in Ship Breaking: Guidelines for Asian countries and Turkey
§ The ILO guidelines were approved for publication by the ILO Governing Body at its 289th session (March 2004).
§ These guidelines are designed to assist ship breakers and competent authorities alike to implement the relevant ILO standards, codes of practice and other guidelines on occupational safety and health. They give guidance on an appropriate national framework, and provide detailed advice on the safe conduct of ship breaking operations (planning, safety requirements, management of hazardous substances etc.)
§ Available on the website in English, French, Spanish, Urdu and Bengali.
IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling:
§ The IMO Guidelines were adopted in 2003 by IMO Assembly resolution A.962 (23), & were amended by IMO Assembly Resolution A.980 (24).
§ These guidelines provide guidance to flag, port and recycling States, ship owners, shipbuilders, marine equipment suppliers, and recycling facilities on “best practices”, which take into account the ship recycling process throughout the life cycle of the ship. The Guidelines also contain information on green passports for ships, preparations for recycling and on inventories of potentially hazardous substances on board.
§ Available on the website in English, French and Spanish.
Findings of the Informal Working Group on the 'Comparison of the three sets of guidelines'(Annex 2 of the report of the 2nd session of the Joint ILO/IMO/Basel Convention Working Group)
§ The Joint ILO/IMO/ Basel Convention Working Group was established following the decisions of the governing bodies of the three organizations. It was set up to improve coherence and coordination in activities relating to ship dismantling undertaken by the three organizations.
§ At its first session, held on 15 to 17 February 2005, the Joint Working Group established an informal working group to undertake an initial examination of the three Guidelines developed by the ILO, IMO and Basel Convention respectively. The informal working group, coordinated by the
, met in-session at the first session of the Joint Working Group, and inter-sessionally, eventually presenting a note on its findings to the second session of the Joint Working Group, held on 12 to 14 December 2005. United Kingdom
§ The findings of the informal working group identify the key areas of consensus as well as any gaps, overlaps and ambiguities as between the three sets of Guidelines.
§ The 2nd session of this Joint Working Group considered this note and expressed the view that stakeholders should study the document in order to seek information which would assist them in their implementation of the three sets of guidelines.
IMO Guidelines for the Development of the Ship Recycling Plan (SRP)
§ The IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling recommend that the recycling facility, in consultation with the ship-owner, develop a ship recycling plan in order to ensure that a ship has been prepared, to the maximum extent possible, prior to its recycling and that the safety of the ship, prior to delivery, has been taken into account.
§ The IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC), at its fifty-second session (October 2004), approved these Guidelines (MEPC/Circular 419) for the Development of the Ship Recycling Plan, which provides technical information and guidance for the preparation of ships for recycling.
§ Available on the website in English, French and Spanish.
IMO Guidelines for the Development of the Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) - (Adopted on 17 July 2009)
§ MEPC of the IMO, at its fifty-ninth (59) session (July 2009) issued resolution 179 which provide guidelines for The Development of the Inventory of Hazardous Materials.
IMO Principles of Hot Work on Board All Type of Ships
(MSC/Circ.1084; 13 June 2003)
IMO recommendations & guidance on “Gas-free-for-hot-work-certification” during ship recycling operations: (MEPC/Circ.466; 25 July 2005)
§ The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the IMO, at its fifty-third session (July 2005), issued MEPC Circular nr. 466 which provide guidance on “gas-free-for hot-work-certification” during ship recycling operations in order to further implement the IMO Guidelines on ship recycling. It contains recommendations to recycling States, flag states, ship owners and recycling facilities.
Green Ship Recycling Standard by NGO Platform
Industry Codes, Model Forms and Contracts:
Industry Code of Practice on ship recycling
(Industry Working Party, 2001)
§ In 2001, an Industry Working Party, established under the co-ordination of the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), prepared an Industry Code of Practice on Ship Recycling.
§ The Code of Practice outlines a series of recommendations on what constitutes “good practice” with respect to ships destined for recycling. It primarily deals with issues which ship owners could be reasonably expected to address when considering the recycling of ships.
§ ICS advises that, although the principles of the Code of Practice remain valid, subsequent developments in the international sphere have, to some extent, superseded the Code.
ICS Inventory of Potentially Hazardous Materials on Board
§ This model inventory form is annexed to the ICS Industry Code (August 2001). This form is intended to be completed by the ship owner or its representative and should be handed over to the purchaser or its representative on delivery of the vessel for breaking.
§ The inventory provides an estimate of all known potentially hazardous or contaminating materials and substances thought to be on board the vessel at the time of sale.
Standard Contract for the
of Vessels for Demolition and Recycling (DEMOLISHCON 2003) Sale
§ The Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO) has published a Standard Contract for the Sale of Vessels for Demolition and Recycling (known as “DEMOLISHCON”, with explanatory notes. BIMCO recommends that anyone contemplating the sale of a vessel for dismantling should use DEMOLISHCON as a basis for negotiation, as it takes safety, health and environmental considerations into account.
§ DEMOLISHCON was last revised in 2003, in order to incorporate references to the IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling.
Guidelines on Transitional Measures for Shipowners: Selling Ship for Recycling (The Industry Working Group on Ship Recycling; October 2009)
§ The Guidelines was published in 2009 by the Industry Working Group on Ship Recycling, on Transitional Measures for Shipowners in Preparation for the entry into force of the IMO Hong Kong International convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships.
§ The Industry Working Group on Ship Recycling was first established in 1999 and is coordinated by the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS). Its current members also include BIMCO, IACS, INTERCARGO, INTERTANKO, IPTA, OCIMF and ITF.
Regional and National Guidelines, Strategies, and Rules:
Green paper on better ship dismantling
(Commission of the European Communities, 2007)
§ Main document:
§ Accompanying document: (Commission staff working document, 2007)
Impact Assessment for an EU strategy for better ship dismantling
(Commission staff working document, 2008)
Ship dismantling and pre-cleaning of ships
(COWI study for DG Environment on June 2007)
: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
A Guide for Ship Scrappers – Tips for Regulatory Compliance: (
EPA 2000) US
§ In 2000, the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance of the
United States’ Environment Protection Agency (EPA) published this guide to provide site supervisors at ship scrapping facilities with an overview of the ’ federal environmental and worker health and safety requirements to assist them in ensuring compliance at their facilities. United States
§ The guide is structured to address the specific processes (e.g. asbestos removal, metal cutting, fuel and oil removal etc.) that occur during ship scrapping operations so that ship scrappers can review the requirements for each process.
OSHA: SafeWork Practices for Shipbreaking
(The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the
’ Department of Labor, 2010) United States
: UNITED KINGDOM
(Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs,
; February 2007) UK
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) of the
had prepared the UK Ship Recycling Strategy in 2007. This establishes domestic policy for the recycling of UK-government owned vessels, sets out relevant waste controls and recommendations for owners and operators of UK-flagged vessels and informs the United Kingdom position for international negotiations on ship recycling. UK
The Strategy package was published on 27 February 2007 and consists of the following documents:
§ UK ship recycling strategy
§ Overview of ship recycling in the
– guidance UK
ship recycling strategy – final Regulatory Impact Assessment UK
Pocket Book Manual Implementation of Green Ship Recycling
(Draft B, Danish Environmental Protection Agency, June 2006)
Draft- Shipbreaking and Hazardous Waste Rules, 2010
(Department of Environment, Bangladesh 2010)
§ Department of Environment (DOE) of Bangladesh has prepared a ‘Draft Shipbreaking and Hazardous Waste Rules, 2010’ to implement environmentally ship recycling in Bangladesh, which now on the DOE website inviting comments from the interested parties.
§ It is prepared in line with Basel Convention guidelines as instructed by the High Court of Bangladesh. The Rules stipulated the requirement of pre-cleaning of ships from the country of export to get permission to recycle in
§ The document is written predominantly in Bangla with all the technical terms in English.
The Ship Breaking and Ship Recycling 2011
The Ship Building & Recycling Board Act (Draft)
New Alang Policy
Ship Recycling Regulations, 2006
Notification, Ship Recycling Regulations, 2006
(Gujarat Maritime Board, Gujarat, India)http://www.sriaindia.com/images/New%20Policy%20GMB.doc
Environmental Guidelines for Ship-Breaking Industry
(Central Pollution Control Board -CPCB,
Technical EIA Guidance Manual for Shipbreaking Yards
(Final Draft 2009, MOEF, India)
Draft Code on Regulations for Safe and Environmentally Sound Ship Recycling (Ministry of Steel, India 2010)
Special procedure for Ship-Breaking Industry (Special Procedure) Rules, 1997 - (Central Board of Revenue,
, 2003) http://softax.com.pk/SRO/1997/salestax/notifications/1283.pdf Pakistan